||Target Number of Meters
||IN, KY, MI, OH, OK, TX, VA, WV
||AEP plans on deploying smart meters to all 5.2 million customers served by their Operating Companies. To-date, AEP’s Indiana Michigan Power (I&M) subsidiary has deployed 10,000 meters to customers in South Bend, IN; AEP Ohio has deployed 100,000 in the Columbus OH area; AEP Texas has deployed 24,000 meters, with speciﬁc plans for another 900,000 installations; and AEP’s Public Service Company of Oklahoma (PSO) has speciﬁc plans for deployment of 15,000 meters in Tulsa, OK. Timing for the remaining deployments will depend on speciﬁc conditions in each of the seven operating company subsidiaries.
||AEP Corporate Sustainability Report 20092
||MD, PA, WV
||Allegheny launched pilots in Morgantown, WV and Urbana, MD to test smart meters and thermostats (1,140 meters installed). In PA, Act 129 (2008) requires electric distribution companies with more than 100,000 customers to ﬁle a smart meter technology procurement and installation plan for Commission approval. Allegheny's plan to deploy smart meters throughout their service territory was rejected in October 2009 and a revised smart meter plan is currently being drafted.
||Allegheny Power 2008 Annual Report3, MD H.B. 1072
|Allete (d/b/a Minnesota Power)*
||Minnesota Power was awarded $1.54 million (total project value, $3.08 M) to expand its existing smart meter network by deploying another 8,000 meters in northeastern MN. The utility will also begin a dynamic pricing program.
||IA, MN, WI
||Deployment began in WI in 2008, currently 500,000 meters are deployed with expected completion by 2012
||Ameren began their smart meter deployment in 2006 and reached 50% of their installation target by June 2008. Full deployment is expected by 2011-12.
||Landis+Gyr press release4
||Austin Energy’s smart meter program was approved in 2008, full deployment is underway and is expected to reach completion in 2010.
||Avista plans to install 14,000 smart meters in Pullman, WA as part of a 5-state demonstration project leveraging DOE SGDG funds. The larger 5-state project (ID, MN, OR, WA, WY) will install more than 60,000 meters in 12 utility service territories.
|AZ Public Service
||Expected completion in 2012. APS customers can enroll in the Time Advantage Plan, a time-of-use (TOU) rate structure. As of June 2010, over 400,000 are already in place in the Phoenix area.
||APS News Release5; www.aps.com/smartmeter/; Arizona Department of Commerce6; http://new. azcommerce.com/doclib/en ergy/epu_june.21_issue.pdf
|Baltimore Gas & Electric
||BG&E began with a smart meter pilot of 3,000 meters in 2008 and was awarded $200M in SGIG funds ($452M total project value) to deploy 1.1M smart meters, coupled with dynamic pricing. The utility aims to deploy smart meters throughout their service territory with a planned completion date of 2014. Reimbursement for installation will not occur until 2014 pending commission approval.
||www.energy.gov/recovery/; Constellation (BG&E) press release7; Baltimore Business Journal8; http://www.baltimoresun.com/business/bsbz-bge-smart-grid-response0100816,0,346097,full.story
||BHE has deployed 2-way smart meters to 97% of their service territory and plan to complete deployment to the remaining 3% in 2009-10.
||Email correspondence (04/17/09), www.bhe.com
|Black Hills/Colorado Electric Utility Co.
||The utility received $6.1M in SGIG funds ($12.2M total project value) to install meters and communications infrastructure, bringing total to 98,500.
|Black Hills Power
||Black Hills was awarded $5.59M in ARRA funds ($11.2M total project value) to install smart meters, upgrade ICT infrastructure, and other equipment. The upgrades will also beneﬁt customers in MN an SD.
||CenterPoint Houston received approval in 2008 to install an advanced metering system across its service territory, and was awarded $200M in SGIG funds ($639M total project value) to complete installation of meters throughout its service territory.
||CenterPoint 2008 Annual Report9; www.energy.gov/recovery/
|Central Maine Power Company
||The utility was awarded $96M in SGIG funds ($196M total project value) to install a smart meter network for all customers in their service territory.
|Central VT Public Service/VT Transco
||A SGIG award of $69M ($138M total project value) is designed to help expand the deployment of smart meters from the present 28,000 to 300,000, along with installation of demand response technologies and other infrastructure.
||www.energy.gov/recovery/; CVPS press release10
||Awarded a $5M SGIG matching fund for smart meter installation and communication upgrade in and around Cheyenne, WY.
||PR Newswire Article11
||$20M in SGIG funds ($72.9M total project value) were awarded to the utility to install a smart meter network for the utility's entire service territory.
||ComEd is running a pilot in the greater Chicago area to install smart meters in 141,000 homes, including a customer applications experiment for approximately 8,500 households where combinations of dynamic pricing and in-home displays will be tested during 2010. This pilot will help determine full deployment throughout service territory.
||www.exeloncorp.com; Yahoo ﬁnance article12; Greentechmedia Article13
|Connecticut Light & Power
||Based on results of their 2009 pilot, CL&P has ﬁled plans to deploy smart meters to all 1.2 million of its customers between 2012 and 2016. Under the plan, all CL&P customers can select different dynamic pricing structures: TOU and CPP rates for all customers, and PTR for low income customers only.
||http://www.cl-p.com/home/ saveenergy/goinggreen/pla nitwise.aspx
||ConEd is piloting a $6M smart grid program in northwest Queens. 300 eligible customers will test in-home displays that monitor energy usage by appliance.
||http://www.coned.com/new sroom/news/pr20090804_ 2.asp
||Target Number of Meters
||In November 2008 Consumers signed an agreement with IB to help plan, deploy, and test an AMI and ﬁeld pilot network. By 2015 the utility anticipates converting its 1.8M electric customers to smart technology.
||http://www.smartgridnews.com/artman/publish/Key_Players_Utilities _Proﬁles/Consumers_En ergy_Proﬁle-1083.html
||DPL plans to install 500,000 2-way communications smart meters over a 10 year period for its residential customers at a cost of $500M.
||http://intelligrid.epri.com/A MI_Business_Cases/DPL _09_09_25_AMI_Busines s_Case_for_PUCO.pdf; http://www.daytondailynews.com/business/dplsmart-grid-project-turneddown-for-federal-money423033.html
||Dominion has installed 7,000 smart meters in Midlothian and 48,000 in Charlottesville to test the technology, with plans to install 30,000 additional meters in Northern Virginia. Plans for full systemwide installation of 2.4 million smart-meters currently are on hold during testing and pending commission approval
||www.dom.com; http://www.hamptonraods.c om/2010/02/dominiondrops-systemwide-smartmeters-conservation14
||DTE initially tested 30,000 meters in Grosse Ile Township and was awarded $84M in SGIG funds ($168M total project value) to deploy a network of 660,000 smart meters. A dynamic pricing pilot for 5,000 customers will also be implemented. The grant will support DTE’s “SmartCurrents” program, which the utility hopes to scale to full deployment of smart meters.
||www.energy.gov/recovery/; DTE press release15; annarbor.com article16
||KY, IN, OH, NC, SC
||Duke was awarded $200M in SGIG funds ($851M total project value) for a grid modernization project, including the deployment of 1.4M smart meters. The funding helps move Duke's plans to deploy meters throughout its service territory. 48,000 meters have already been deployed in OH and they ﬁled a proposal for a ﬁve-year rollout of 800,000 meters in IN.
||www.energy.gov/recovery/; Business Courier of Cincinnati17; Charlotte Business Journal18; cincinnati.com article19
|Entergy New Orleans
||The utility was awarded $5M ($10M total project value) to install smart meters, coupled with dynamic pricing, in low-income households in New Orleans.
||FirstEnergy received $57.4M in SGIG funding to support its Smart Grid Modernization initiative. With the federal fund and company money a three-year pilot program initially involving 5,000 customers in the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company service territory will begin with the potential for another 39,000 meters. Advanced metering infrastructure was approved by the PUCO June 2010. Cost recovery will be addressed at a later date. In York, PA, FirstEnergy seeks 14,000 customers to be volunteer participants in a two-way demand response system.
||http://www.puco.ohio.gov/ PUCO/MediaRoom/Media release.cfm?id=10081; http://www.cleveland.com/ business/index.ssf/2009/1 0/ﬁrstenergy_gets_stimulus_fund.html
|Hawaii Electric Company
||HECO was awarded $5.4M in matching SGIG funds, but did not include smart meters in their proposal. However, the utility is planning to deploy smart meters throughout their service territory by mid-decade.
||Energy Efﬁciency News20; http://www.heco.com
||Original 2007 pilot extended to the entire service territory. Idaho Power received $47M ($94M total program cost) of SGIG funds to install meters and other infrastructure, with full deployment expected by 2011. By the end of 2010, 334,000 customers will have smart meters installed.
||Idaho Power press release21 & AMI FAQ page22; http://www.idahopower.com/pdfs/servicebilling/residential/AMI _deployment_map.pdf
|Indianapolis Power & Light
||IP&L was awarded $20M in SGIG funds (total program cost, $48.78M) to deploy smart meters along with completmentary technologies in their service territory.
|Louisville Gas & Electric
||LG&E is in the third year of a Responsive Pricing and Smart Meter pilot program. 100 customers have time of use (TOU) pricing capability.
|Madison Gas & Electric
||$5.5M in SGIG funds ($11M total project value) were awarded to the utility to install a smart grid network, including meters, EV charging stations, and in-home charging management systems.
||Under the MA Green Communities Act, all four utilities must submit plans for a smart grid pilot. National Grid's is currently being considered by the Commission and, if approved, would deploy 15,000 smart meters to customers in the Worcester area. National Grid has also proposed a smart grid demonstration program in the Syracuse area, that includes a planned deployment of 39,400 meters at a cost of $123M
|NextEra Enregy (formerly FPL)
||FPL was awarded $200M in SGIG funds ($578M total project value) to move forward with their Energy Smart Florida program, which includes 2.6M smart meters for customers in south Florida. NextEra Energy plans to deploy smart meters throughout their service territory.
||The NSTAR pilot project to install 2,800 smart meters in NEwton, Hopkinton, and Jamaica Plains at a cost of $16M was approved by the MA Public Utilities Commission. The project is expected to run through 2012.
||$138M in SGIG funds ($301M total project value) was awarded to the utility to integrate smart grid technologies, including smart meters for 1.3M customers. NV Energy received approval from the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada on July 28, 2010.
|Oklahoma Gas & Electric
||OGE was awarded $130M in SGIG funds ($366M total deployment cost approved by Oklahoma Corporation Commission) to deploy a smart grid network to the entire service territory, including meters and dynamic pricing options. OG&E plans to install 184,000 meters in 2010 with full deployment achieved in 2012.
||Originally a deployment of 600,000, program expanded for all customers in north Texas; as of June 30, 2010 over 1,000,000 meters installed; full deployment expected by 2012.
||Dallas Morning News25; Navigant Consulting26
||Target Number of Meters
|Paciﬁc Gas & Electric
||The utility expects to reach full deployment by 2012. A critical peak pricing (CPP) rate structure is in place for some customers along with a voluntary SmartRate program.
||PG&E Presentation, IEE Issue Briefs page27
|PECO Energy Company
||PECO received the maximum ARRA award of $200M ($422M total project value) to upgrade communicatino infrastucture and support a smart meter network for 600,000 customers. Depending on the success of the program, PECO is planning on extending smart meters to all 1.6M customers.
||DC, DE, MD, NJ, VA
||PEPCO received $149.4M in SGIG funds ($298M total combined value for two projects) for smart grid investments, including 280,000 smart meters for DC customers and 570,000 meters for MD customers. PEPCO originally proposed deployment for the entire service area with a target date for full deployment of 2013; 258,000 were deployed by January 2009 with a pricing pilot testing hourly pricing, CPP, and PTR rate structures.
||www.energy.gov/recovery/; PEPCO press release28; washingtoninformer.com article29; www.dccouncil.washington.dc.us/
|Portland General Electric
||PGE’s program was approved in 2008, full deployment is expected to be completed by the fall of 2010.
||PGE Earnings Report30; PGE Smart Meters web page31
||Progress Energy is planning to deploy 160,000 smart meters as part of a comprehensive smart grid program enabled by a $200M DOE SGIG award ($520M total project value). Initial installations should begin in late 2010 or early 2011.
||PSE&G received approval from NJ Board of Public Utilities to install 17,500 smart meters in three Passaic County towns.
|Puget Sound Energy
||PSE invest in smart meters in 2001-2003 and piloted a time-of-use (TOU) program with 300,000 active participants and a 100,000 customer control group. Savings per active participant were negligible ($1/month) as the peak rate price was not substantially greater than ﬂat-rate prices, resulting in the discontinuation of TOU pricing. PSE’s ﬁndings on TOU program performance contained several lessons for other utilities.
||http://energypriorities.com /entries/2006/02/pse_tou_ amr_case.php
|Sacramento Municipal Utility District
||The utility board approved a 30-month rollout of the meters in June 2009 and the utility was awarded $127.5M in SGIG funds ($307.7M total project value) to install meters throughout their service territory along with dynamic pricing, 100 EV charging stations, and 50,000 demand response controls.
||Sacramento Bee article32; www.energy.gov/recovery
|Salt River Project
||The utility received an additional $56.8M in SGIG funds (total program cost, $114M) to add an additional 540,000 smart meters to the nearly 400,000 already deployed. The program will also include dynamic pricing structures.
||SRP Smart Meter Page33; metering.com34; Phoenix Business Journal article35
|San Diego Gas & Electric
||SDG&E was awarded $28.1M in SGIG funds ($60.1M total project value) to deploy smart meters throughout their service territory. The overall project cost approved by the Commission is $527M with installation complete in 2011. As of August 30, 2010 SDG&E was installing 6,000 meters a day.
|Southern California Edison
||Deployment began in June 2009, with full deployment expected by 2012 at a cost of $1.6B. As of August 2010, 1.2M meters were installed. A peak-time rebate (PTR) rate structure is available to some customers.
||SCE Presentation, IEE Issue Briefs page26
||Target Number of Meters
||AL, FL, GA, MS
||Southern Co. was awarded $165M in SGIG funds (total program cost, $330M) to upgrade necessary infrastructure. Plans to deploy smart meters throughout its service area continue; Georgia Power has deployed 1.3M meters out of a planned 2.5M; Alabama Power has deployed 1.2M of 1.45M and will complete their deployment in 2010; Gulf Power has deployed 13K of 420K. Southern Company is projected to reach full deployment by 2012-13.
||www.energy.gov/recovery; GA Power smart meter page36; AL Power smart meter page37; Reuters press release38; Greentech Media article39
|State Program (Pennsylvania)
||Act 129 (signed 10/15/2008) mandates that EDCs with >100,000 customers must provide smart meters either to customers that request one, for newly constructed buildings, or to all customers within ﬁfteen years. Duquesne Light will offer 8,000 meters to customers by 2013. PPL expressed interest in a 60,000 unit pilot.
||PA Act 1292840, smartmeters.com article41; SNLi article42; Pittsburgh TribuneReview43
||TECO is piloting a set of 250 smart meters in two of Tampa’s most recently erected high-rise buildings. Plans to extend the pilot to 10,000 units to test remote connect/disconnect and DSM in 2010 or 2011.
|Texas New Mexico Power
||A trial of 10,000 meters was announced in early 2009; utility seeks to expand meters to entire service territory by 2013. The utility is employing SmartSynch’s residential SmartMeter solution which uses standard IP communications via public wireless netrworks.
||TNMP press release44
|Tucson Electric Power
||TEP has expanded advanced metering infrastructure and related support technologies to roughly 100,000 of their 400,000 customers.
||http://www.itron.com/pages/res ources_case_article.asp?id=itr _016312.xml; http://www.metering.com/node/ 13090
|Vermont utilities, Efﬁciency Vermont
||VT Department of Public Service worked with VT’s 20 utilities to extend smart grid technologies across the state. This program was launched prior to the SGIG funds awarded to VT Transco in October 2009.
||Burlington Free Press article45
||Westar was awarded $19M in SGIG funds (total project value, approx. $40M) for its SmartStar Lawrence project. A customer-centric project, all customers will be offered a personal energy web portal accompanying the smart meter installation. The project includes other infrastructure required to support system wide deployment of smart metering. The project is expected to take between 24 and 36 months to implement, with meter installations beginning Q2 2011.
||CO, MN, WI
||Xcel is piloting a smart grid system known as SmartGridCity in Boulder, CO, testing peak pricing and in-home power monitoring and management technologies. Cost recovery is pending commission approval.
This table illustrates planned and proposed deployments of smart meters across the United States in the next decade, including meter deployments funded through Smart Grid Investmetnt Grants awarded through the Department of Energy. If full deployment for each of these proposals is achieved, a total of 64,286,950 meters will be installed and operable by 2019. According to EIA’s forecast of electricity customers in 2020, this represents roughly 50% of U.S. households.
About the author:
Lisa V. Wood is the Executive Director of the Institute for Electric Efficiency. The Institute for Electric Efficiency works with the electric utility industry to advance energy efficiency and demand response.
Wood joined IEE after more than two decades of consulting with electric utilities on retail customer issues. In that role, she directed numerous economic, financial, and market analysis studies for leading electric utilities nationwide, with an emphasis on energy efficiency, dynamic pricing, value of electric service reliability, and customer rate options. She’s written numerous articles and is a frequent speaker on energy efficiency and demand response issues in the electric power industry. She most recently authored The Right Price: Dynamic Pricing can provide Benefits to Customers and Utilities Alike; Assessment of Electricity Savings in the U.S. Achievable through New Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards and Building Efficiency Codes; Moving Toward UtilityScale Deployment of Dynamic Pricing in Mass Markets; and Making the Business of Energy Efficiency Both Scalable and Sustainable.
Wood is a member of: the Executive Group for the State Energy Efficiency Action Network, the Board of Directors for the National Energy Foundation, and the International Association for Energy Economics.
Prior to joining IEE, Wood was a Principal with The Brattle Group and Director of the Washington DC office. Prior to that, she was a Principal with PHB Hagler Bailly and a Program Director at Research Triangle Institute. She has a Ph.D. in Public Policy and Management from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and an M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.